Collaboration between volcano monitoring institutions and European Civil Protection agencies for management of volcanic hazard {NA4.1}. Development of new strategies to facilitate sharing of best practices in communication of hazard, between scientists and authorities on topics of scenarios, probabilistic vs. deterministic methods and uncertainty. Preparations to establish a crisis Management Task Force (Scientific advisory group) and identifying available reserves of equipment that could be deployed on under monitored volcanoes in times of crisis. A workshop with local and international Civil Protection authorities and testing of hazard tools and initiatives from the joint research activity under the hazard theme.